- You should understand how living standards can be measured, e.g. GDP per capita, household income and wealth, level of education and standard of health
- You should understand the meaning of poverty in terms of a lack of basic necessities (absolute) and a lower income
than other groups in society (relative).
- You should be aware of some of the main causes of poverty, e.g. unemployment, lack of qualifications, illness, age, debt, lack of information, government policy.
- You should also be aware of
some of the possible effects of poverty on individuals, groups and on society as a whole, e.g. the possibility of a cycle of poor educational attainment, joblessness and poor physical and mental health.
- You should be aware of solutions to poverty, e.g. changes to the taxation and benefit system to favour those on low incomes, the national minimum wage, improved training and education.
- You should also be aware of some of the ethical considerations regarding the choice of solutions, e.g. what level of relative poverty is ‘acceptable’ or the possibility of encouraging joblessness through the granting of benefits.
AQA Web Resources
- Measuring poverty in the UK
- Child poverty in the UK #1
- Child poverty in the UK #2
- Youth unemployment and poverty
- Why poverty persists
- The widening income gap in the UK
- Falling real incomes
General Web Resources
- Joseph Rowntree Foundation
- Christian Aid
- End Child Poverty
- The Poverty Alliance